Social and economic situation of the Municipal Formation
The Bryukhovetskaya district is located in the central part of the Krasnodar region; it is included in the flat part of the Azov-Kuban Lowland. The district shears borders with the Timashevsk, Korenovsk, Vyselki, Kanevskaya and Primorsko-Akhtarsk Municipal Formations. The territory of the Municipal Formation is 1,376 square km. It consists of 8 rural districts uniting 5 Cossack villages, 3 villages and 25 farms. The distance from the city of Krasnodar is 100 km, from the port of Novorossiysk city is 220 km, from the port of Yeisk town is 150 km, and from the port of Temryuk town is 170 km.
The climate is moderate continental. The annual precipitation is approximately 550 millimeters. The average temperature of the heating period is 0.8 degrees, and its duration is 157 days. The average duration of the frost-free period is 190 days; the minimum period is 151 days, and the maximum period is 231 days.
The snow cover is unstable and appears in the first week of December. The snow depth is 15-20 cm; it reaches up to 30-35 cm in some years. There are 50-55 days with a snow cover. The snow melts in the middle of March.
The duration of the vegetative season (the number of days with a temperature above 5 °C) is 237 days, which is a favorable climate for the cultivation of the property of late-ripening and warm-season crops.
By the number of precipitation the territory of the district belongs to the zone with insufficient moisture. Average annual precipitation is 548 mm. Most of the precipitation falls during the warm period (in April-October).
The district is exposed by winds from all directions, but predominant directions are eastern and north-eastern, which are most often in the winter months and contribute establishing the frosty weather. In spring and summer, these winds are characterized as hot winds.
Agro-climatic conditions of the district are favorable for the growth of zoned agricultural crops.
The climatic conditions do not cause construction restrictions and do not prevent the economic development of the territory.
The relief of the district is uniform and poorly broken and represented by plain sloping to the north-west and river valleys.
The plain terrain structure of the district has a positive effect on the development of agriculture, in particular plant growing. The vast plain territory promotes mechanized tilling and simultaneous maturing specific crops.
High quality of agriculturally used areas in the district determines the prospects of the Bryukhovetskaya district as a district with a high level of production and processing of agricultural products.
The terrain structure of the district is favorable for industrial and civil construction.
The district is rich in clay and loam suitable for making bricks.
The population of the Municipal Formation Bryukhovetskaya District is about 53,000 people.
The number of the administrative center of the Municipal Formation – Bryukhovetskaya Cossack village – is 23,000 people.
The Bryukhovetskaya district is an agricultural district. Agriculture is a main industry. 9 large and 4 small agricultural enterprises that produce grain, industrial crops, vegetables, meat, milk, eggs, wool and other agricultural products, operate on the territory of the MF. Large and medium-sized agricultural enterprises are main producers of grain and industrial crops. Their share is 70% in the production of grain, 52% in the production of sunflower, 77% in the production of sugar beet, 83% in the production of milk, 44% in the production of meat, 11% in the production of eggs, 36% in the production of fruits and berries, 2% in the production of vegetables, and 1% in the production of potatoes.
Agricultural lands in the district amounts to 115 thousand ha, and about 40 crops are cultivated on the fields. The structure of the cropped lands in farms of all ownership corresponds to the agriculture scientifically grounded system: grain and leguminous crops are 64.0 thousand ha (63.1%); plants used in industry are 22.5 thousand ha (21.5%), including 5.2 thousand ha (5.1%) of sugar beet and 12.5 thousand ha (12.3%) of sunflower.
There are 22.6 thousand animal units of cattle, among them 8.8 thousand animal units of cows, 9.3 thousand animal units of pigs, 2.6 thousand animal units of sheep and goats, and 740 thousand animal units of birds, in all categories of farms in the district.
The industry of the district is represented mainly by agricultural products processing enterprises. The volume of industrial production is 1,640 million rubles.
The district has such companies that are famous in the south of Russia as the Bryukhovetskiy branch of the Leningradskiy Cheese Making Factory, CJSC; Southern Crown – the Bryukhovetskiy Feed Milling Plant, LLC; and the Bryukhovetskiy Bakery Plant, LLC.
Gross agricultural output for the period of 2014 amounted to 7.6 billion rubles (for comparison, in 2013, it was 6.8 billion rubles, in 2012 – 6.4 billion rubles, in 2011 – 7.0 billion rubles, in 2010 – 5.8 billion rubles, and in 2009 – 5.1 billion rubles), including about 4.8 billion rubles produced by agricultural enterprises, 1.6 billion rubles – by peasant farm enterprises, and 1.2 billion rubles – by private farms. 70% of the total production is plant growing and 30% is livestock production.
The industry of the district is represented by 3 large and 22 small businesses. The volume of the industrial production in the whole district for 2014 amounted to 3.2 billion rubles (for comparison, in 2013 it was 2.7 billion rubles, in 2012 – 2.5 billion rubles, in 2011 – 2.5 billion rubles, in 2010 – 2.3 billion rubles, and in 2009 – 1.8 billion rubles). Production of food products in the total volume of industrial production is more than 95%.